Available B.Ed Notes For B.Ed students and CTET / TET Exam

B.Ed First Year Notes

Summary of Role of Heredity

1. Influence of physical development :
Karl Pearson is of the view that the height of the child is influenced by the height of his parents.
2. Influence on character:
Dugdale states that children of characterless parents are generally characterless.

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Heredity and environment play a vital role in the development

Heredity and environment play a vital role in the development of the personality of the individual
Heredity and environment play a vital role in the development of the personality of the individual.

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Difference between growth and development

1. Part: Growth is a part or an aspect of development.
2. Not continuous: It is not continuous. It is start from conception but end from at some particular age. Mostly, it stops
3. Changes in particular aspects growth in particular aspect of body and behavior.

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Explain principles of growth and development

An understanding of the nature and principles of growth and development is very essential for the realization of the aim of education i.e. the maximum growth & development of personality – physical and motor development, cognitive, emotional, social development etc.

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Principles of growth and development

1. Principles of Sequential Development: Development follows a pattern (sequence)
Every species whether animal or human-being follow a pattern of development. In the case of human beings the process of development follows a definite pattern.

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Educational Significance Of Principles Of Growth And Development

The knowledge of principles of growth and development is very important and useful for parents, teacher and educationists. Some of the users are:
1. Adjusting school programmes, procedures and practices:

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Growth and Development of a Child at different stages

Physical development means growing in height, weight and body proportions.
Parents and teachers are aware that children grow taller and heavier and stronger every day.
The growth in body is very rapid in early years, particularly

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Characteristics of Adolescent Stage of Growth

The term adolescence is derived from the Latin word Adolescence, which means to grow to maturity. It is a critical stage of development which lies between later childhood and maturity, emerging from childhood and merging into adulthood.

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Role of the teacher in solving problems

Role of teacher in solving problems and proper physical, mental, emotional and social development of the adolescent:
1. Proper Physical Development
The teacher should plan for this aspect in the following manner:
(a) By organizing various types of physical exercises, sports and games

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The Role of a Teacher school in Facilitating Development of Children

The teacher or the school has a major role in facilitating the overall development of children once they are enrolled in the school.
Educational Implications of Physical Development:

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Role of Teachers Parents and School for Adolescents

1.To have the proper knowledge of adolescent’s psychology:
A teacher should have knowledge about adolescent’s psychology. i). What are the specific needs of adolescents? ii). What type of changes does taken place during this period?

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Educational Implications of Social Development

(a) Social growth:
The social growth of children is a significant process.
This growth is too important to be ignored by the teacher and the parents

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List out the method for helping in maintaining emotional balance

Educational implications of emotional development:
Usually children express many emotions link anger, fear, jealousy, affection, joy, pleasure, etc. Positive emotions help the child to develop a positive outlook about life.

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Meaning of emotional intelligence
Emotional Intelligence, like General Intelligence is the product of one’s Heredity and its interaction with his environmental forces. Emotional Intelligence has, in recent years,

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B.Ed 1st Year Notes

B.Ed Second Year Notes

Explain the Concept, Meaning, characteristics and functions of management

Concept, characteristics, functions and meaning of management
Management is the efficient utilization and handling of all available resources for achieving an objective. It is the prerequisite for the successful working, running and development of any organization.

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Concept of time management

Write about the concept of Time Management. Which principles would you keep in mind while preparing an ideal time table?
Time waits for no one and it is the only resource available in the same quantity to every human being, be he king or pauper.

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Event management

Event Management is the application of management principles and practices for creation and development and organization of a festival or event. Event management helps in brand building.

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Classroom management

Classroom Management is the creation of a conducive classroom environment so that teachers and students work in more productive ways towards the attainment of educational objectives.

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Measures for effective classroom management

C.R. leads a lot of practice and patience on the teacher’s part. If handled effectively then students will remember you lovingly for their entire life and draw inspiration from you. Most important love the profession and the children. Everything else automatically follows.

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Henri Fayols Administrative Management Theory

Henri Fayol, French Pioneer, considered as founder of Classical Management School, the first to systematize managerial behavior in 1916.
He proved that management is a developed skills and not a gift by birth. It is the process of getting activities completed efficiently and effectively with other people.

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Peter Druckers Modern Management Theory

In 1954, Peter Drucker introduced Management By Objectives (MBO) which is a modern approach / philosophy / idea towards Management

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Concept of Total Quality Management

Concept of Quality Management (Total Quality Management) and Excellence in Education.
Achieving quality education is possible only when educational services/products meet needs and expectations, give value for time and efforts

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Concept and training of Human Resource Development

1) Training is a process designed to improve the performance of an employee at his present job.
2) It imparts specific skills, abilities, and know-how to enhance his performance and make him up-to-date with current trends.

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Pre-service training

Q. Pre-service training
The formal training that a teacher gains before the start of her teaching career before she actually starts teaching, is called as Pre-service education or pre-service training.

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In-service training

Q. In-service training
As per Cane – “All those activities and courses which aim at enhancing and strengthening the professional knowledge, interests and skills of serving teachers.”

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Limitations or disadvantages of in-service training

Limitations/Disadvantages of in-service training
1) Lack of incentives, motivation, interest, trained staff, facilities, initiative.

2) Inappropriate curriculum and courses

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Models Courses Techniques of In-service Training

1) Orientation course – 21 days to 1 month
2) Summer Courses
3) Summer courses – 15 days
4) Sandwich courses – 15 days

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Explain qualities and functions of Teacher

A teacher is the single-most vital factor and the backbone of any progressive scheme of national education. Dr. West Keirsey classifies the “Teacher” as a role variant of the personality type “Idealist”.

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B.Ed 2nd Year Notes

CTET Notes

Our environment

प्रश्न :– चंद्रमा क्या है ?
उत्तर :–चंद्रमा एक उपग्रह है।
प्रश्न :– सूर्य पृथ्वी से कितनी दूरी पर है ?
उत्तर :–लगभग 15 करोड़ कि। मी।
प्रश्न :– हमारे सौरमंडल में कितने ग्रह हैं ?

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Our environment

प्रश्न :– पृथ्वी के सबसे नजदीक तारा कौनसा है ?
उत्तर :–सूर्य।
प्रश्न :– चंद्रमा क्या है ?
उत्तर :–चंद्रमा एक उपग्रह है।
प्रश्न :– सूर्य पृथ्वी से कितनी दूरी पर है ?
उत्तर :–लगभग 15 करोड़ कि। मी।

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Earth movements
प्रश्न :– पृथ्वी की गति कितने प्रकार की होती है ?

उत्तर :–पृथ्वी की गति दो प्रकार की होती है। घूर्णन –अपने अक्ष पर घूमना एवं परिक्रमण – सूर्य का चक्कर लगाना।
प्रश्न :– प्रदीप्ति वृत किसे कहते हैं ?

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Earth movements

प्रश्न :– विश्व की सबसे बड़ी नदी कौनसी है ?
उत्तर :–अमेजन जो दक्षिण अमेरिका से होकर गुजरती है।
प्रश्न :– अंटार्कटिका में शोध केंद्र कोनसे हैं ?
उत्तर :–भारत के शोध केंद्र – भद्री व दक्षिण गंगोत्री।

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Earth movements

प्रश्न :– विश्व का सबसे बड़ा साँप कौन सा है और कहाँ पाया जाता है?
उत्तर :– अनाकोंडा। ये उष्णकटिबंधीय वर्षावन में पाया जाता है।
प्रश्न :– उष्णकटिबंधीय सदाबहार वर्षा वन कहाँ होते हंै?
उत्तर :– ये घने वन भूमध्यरेखा के पास पाए जाते हैं। यहाँ पूरे वर्ष वर्षा होती है।

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Earth movements

प्रश्न :– कोलकता किस नदी पर स्थित है?
उत्तर :– कोलकता हुगली नदी पर स्थित है।
प्रश्न :– प्रथ्वी का कितना हिस्सा घास स्थल है?
उत्तर :– प्रथ्वी का लगभग एक चौथाई हिस्सा घास स्थल है।
प्रश्न :– प्रेअरी किसे कहते हैं?

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Earth movements
प्रश्न :– सहारा रेगिस्तान कि वनस्पति कैसी है?

उत्तर :– कैक्टस, काजूर के पेड़ एंव ऐफेशिया पाए जाते हैं।
प्रश्न :– सहारा रेगिस्तान में लोगों का निवास कहाँ होता है?
उत्तर :– सहारा में मरूद्यान एंव मिस्त्र में नील घाटी।
मिस्त्र में कपास उगाई जाती है।
खजुर के पेड़ भी उगाते हैं।

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What When Where How
प्रश्न :– पाण्डुलिपि क्या होती है?

उत्तर :– अतीत में हाथ से लिखी हुई पुस्तकें पाण्डुलिपि कहलाती हैं।
ये पाण्डुलिपि प्रयाय ताडपत्रों व भूर्ज नामक पेड़ की छाल पर लिखि मिलती है।
प्रश्न :– पुरातत्वविद् क्या होते हैं?
उत्तर :– ये पत्थर से बनी मूर्ति, अवशेषों का अध्ययन करते हैं।

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Latest General knowledge for ctet
Latest General knowledge for HTET/ CTET

प्रश्न :- अशोक के राज्य की स्थापना किसने की ?
उत्तर :- दादा चन्द्रगुप्त मोर्य ने लगभग 2300 साल पहले।चाण्क्य या कौटिल्य नाम के बुद्धिमान व्यक्ति ने अशोक की सहायता की थी।
प्रश्न :- चाण्क्य के विचार कौनसी किताब में हैं ?
उत्तर :- अर्थशास्त्र किताब में। अर्थशास्त्र में यह लिखा है कि उत्तर पश्चिम कंबल के लिए और दक्षिण भारत सोने और कीमती पत्थर के लिए प्रसिद्ध था।

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General knowledge CTET

प्रश्न :- सबसे पुराना वेद कौन सा है ?
उत्तर :- ऋगवेद। जिसकी रचना 3500 साल पहले हुई थी। इसमें 3 देवता महप्वपूर्ण हैं। अग्नि, इन्द्र, सोम ये प्रतिक हैं आग , यद्ध और पौधे के।
प्रश्न :- देवियों के रूप में दो पूजित नदियाँ कौनसी हैं ?

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CTET / TET Notes