B.Ed First Year Notes English Medium
Meaning of individual differences
In education, even since the most ancient times, students have been differentiated on the basis of age as difference in age levels entitles the children to differing levels of education.
As the child’s age gradually increases, the subjects of his education can be made more complex and difficult.
In addition to differences in age, another factor that was partly taken into consideration is the difference in levels of intelligence.
Besides this, educational attainments were also considered to be important.
In this manner, during the ancient and the medieval periods, individual difference was believed to be the capacity of attaining skills in a particular subject.
In modern schools, other kinds of skills and abilities, and peculiarities of personality in individuals are also taken into consideration.
According to Skinner, “Today we think of individual differences as including any measurable aspect of the total personality.” From this definition of individual differences it is evident that it comprehends every aspect of the human personality, albeit all aspects that is in some manner measurable.
Aspects of this nature can be many such as variability, conformity, difference in the rate of learning and development of mutual relationship between the various characteristics of personality, etc. In this manner, various individual differences of physical and mental development, nature, rate of learning ability, specific abilities, interest and personality, etc.
What is the meaning of individual
Each person reacts in his own way to social pressures. Personal differences in behavior may result from biological differences-differences in physical strength, sensitivity, and endurance. They may result from the rewards and punishments imposed by the parents and the type of behavior modeled by them. Even though he may not resemble them, a child shows the influences of his parents.
Each child is a unique individual and differs from every other and presents individual problems. Individual differences among children are related to their developmental state at any time. The developmental state refers on the one hand to the level of maturation and on the other to the resultant of the process of growth and effects of experiences.
Beyond a unique biological inheritance and the specific ways in which the culture is transmitted, the individual is shaped by particular experiences.
An illness with a long convalescence may provide satisfactions in being cared for and waited upon that profoundly affect the personality structure.
Death of a parent may disrupt the usual identifications. Accidents, opportunities for heroism, winning a contest, moving to another part of the country-countless such experiences are relevant to development but are not predictable from the culture, although, of course, their effects are partly determined by the culture.