B.Ed First Year Notes English Medium

Best B.Ed notes for B.Ed first year students of English medium. Better then any pdf and useful for education students


Summary of Role of Heredity
Summary of Role of Heredity

1. Influence of physical development :
Karl Pearson is of the view that the height of the child is influenced by the height of his parents.
2. Influence on character:
Dugdale states that children of characterless parents are generally characterless.

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Heredity and environment play a vital role in the development
Q: Heredity and environment play a vital role in the development of the personality of the individual

Introduction:
Heredity and environment play a vital role in the development of the personality of the individual. We cannot separate them into water-tight compartments. Both are interrelated and interconnected.

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Difference between growth and development
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT

GROWTH:-
1. Part: Growth is a part or an aspect of development.
2. Not continuous: It is not continuous. It is start from conception but end from at some particular age. Mostly, it stops
3. Changes in particular aspects growth in particular aspect of body and behavior.

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Explain principles of growth and development
Q. Explain principles of growth & development and their educational implications

Introduction
An understanding of the nature and principles of growth and development is very essential for the realization of the aim of education i.e. the maximum growth & development of personality – physical and motor development, cognitive, emotional, social development etc.

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Principles of growth and development
PRINCIPLES OF GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT

1. Principles of Sequential Development: Development follows a pattern (sequence)
Every species whether animal or human-being follow a pattern of development. In the case of human beings the process of development follows a definite pattern.

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Educational Significance Of Principles Of Growth And Development
Educational Significance Of Principles Of Growth And Development

The knowledge of principles of growth and development is very important and useful for parents, teacher and educationists. Some of the users are:
1. Adjusting school programmes, procedures and practices:

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Growth and Development of a Child at different stages
Q. Growth and Development of a Child at different stages?

Physical development means growing in height, weight and body proportions.
Parents and teachers are aware that children grow taller and heavier and stronger every day.
The growth in body is very rapid in early years, particularly

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Characteristics of Adolescent Stage of Growth
Q. Characteristics of Adolescent Stage of Growth

The term adolescence is derived from the Latin word Adolescence, which means to grow to maturity. It is a critical stage of development which lies between later childhood and maturity, emerging from childhood and merging into adulthood.

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Role of the teacher in solving problems
Q. Role of the teacher in solving problems and proper physical, mental, emotional and social development of the adolescent

1. Proper Physical Development
The teacher should plan for this aspect in the following manner:
(a) By organizing various types of physical exercises, sports and games
(b) By imparting a proper knowledge about physical and health education.

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The Role of a Teacher school in Facilitating Development of Children
Q: The Role of a Teacher / school in Facilitating Development of Children

The teacher or the school has a major role in facilitating the overall development of children once they are enrolled in the school.
Educational Implications of Physical Development:

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Role of Teachers Parents and School for Adolescents
Q. Role of Teachers, Parents and School for Adolescents

1.To have the proper knowledge of adolescent’s psychology:
A teacher should have knowledge about adolescent’s psychology. i). What are the specific needs of adolescents? ii). What type of changes does taken place during this period?

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Educational Implications of Social Development
Q: Educational Implications of Social Development

(a) Social growth:
The social growth of children is a significant process.
This growth is too important to be ignored by the teacher and the parents

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List out the method for helping in maintaining emotional balance
Q: List out the method for helping in maintaining emotional balance

Educational implications of emotional development:
Usually children express many emotions link anger, fear, jealousy, affection, joy, pleasure, etc. Positive emotions help the child to develop a positive outlook about life.

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Emotional-Intelligence
EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE

Meaning
Emotional Intelligence, like General Intelligence is the product of one’s Heredity and its interaction with his environmental forces. Emotional Intelligence has, in recent years,

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Unit Plan
Q. Unit Plan

Definition – “A detailed plan on how a particular topic will be conducted, including pupil activities, and to meet the objectives.”.
Principles to keep in mind –
Why to teach – Objectives.
What to teach – Content…

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The principles of effective teaching
Q. The principles of effective teaching.

Being an effective teacher is much more than simply having the right materials. Effective teaching means maximizing communication and developing great presentation skills. While teaching involves innumerable skills and traits, a few basic principles can be distilled for the teacher in-training.

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Correlation of geography within the subject and with other subjects
Q. Explain the correlation of geography with history and mathematics and science with suitable examples.

Introduction
Just as we use previous knowledge during the set induction of any new concept, for effective teaching-learning, similarly, geography can be taught in relation with other subjects for better understanding as it cuts a section through all the systematic sciences.

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Branches of Geography and importance of Geography
Q. Branches of Geography and importance of Geography

Importance of Geography
Geography is one of the social sciences now heading towards scientific form.
It is a subject of the earth and also a heavenly science as it combines study of earth, man, nature and the universe and their influence on each other.

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The Budget
Q. The Budget

The budget is the annual financial statement of the government. It is a government bill and is classified as a Money Bill. It is presented to the Lok Sabha upon the recommendation of the President.
The budget is a statement of the estimated receipts and expenditures of the government of India for the following financial year.

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Special procedure with respect to Money Bill
Q. Special procedure with respect to Money Bill

If any question arises whether a bill is a money bill or not, the decision of the Speaker of the Lok Sabha is final. His decision in this respect cannot be questioned in a court of law. A money bill cannot be introduced in the Rajya Sabha.

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