Q. Explain Henri Fayol’s Administrative Management Theory with its principles in detail
Henri Fayol, French Pioneer, considered as founder of Classical Management School, the first to systematize managerial behavior in 1916.
He proved that management is a developed skills and not a gift by birth. It is the process of getting activities completed efficiently and effectively with other people.
All managers perform 5 main functions – POCCC
Planning, Organizing, Commanding, Coordinating and Controlling.
Henri Fayol advocated 14 principles as follows –
(Dodo Doggie Ate Under Eric’s Staircase – Sushi Rice, Spicy Undio, Chilled Spirits, Orange Ice-cream)
1) Division of Labor – Break down tasks and assign to individuals.
2) Discipline – Following rules and regulations
3) Authority – Delineate authority clearly
4) Unity of Command – Each employee receives instructions from and is accountable to one superior only.
5) Equity – All should be treated equally and fairly.
6) Scalar Chain – Flow of information should be from higher to lower level
7) Subordination of Individual Interests – Forget individual gains and work for the greater good of the organization.
8) Remuneration – Fair and structured payment as per quality work
9) Stability of tenure – Stable job leads to better concentration
10) Unity of direction – Being aware of stated objectives and working towards them.
11) Centralization – Top level managers make decisions that are implemented at lower level.
12) Esprit – de- corps – Cooperation, harmony and unity should be encouraged.
13) Order – Ensure right object and person in right place
14) Initiative – All should be motivated enough to initiate work to the best of one’s capacity.