B.Ed Second Year Notes English Medium

B.Ed Notes for B.Ed second year students of English medium. These notes are helpful for B.Ed and other educational courses education students- Yogiraj Notes


Explain the Concept, Meaning, characteristics and functions of management
Explain the Concept, Meaning, characteristics and functions of management

Concept, characteristics, functions and meaning of management
Introduction
Management is the efficient utilization and handling of all available resources for achieving an objective. It is the prerequisite for the successful working, running and development of any organization.

Concept of time management
Concept of time management

Write about the concept of Time Management. Which principles would you keep in mind while preparing an ideal time table?
Introduction
Time waits for no one and it is the only resource available in the same quantity to every human being, be he king or pauper.

Event management

Event Management is the application of management principles and practices for creation and development and organization of a festival or event. Event management helps in brand building.

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Classroom management

Classroom Management is the creation of a conducive classroom environment so that teachers and students work in more productive ways towards the attainment of educational objectives.

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Measures for effective classroom management

C.R. leads a lot of practice and patience on the teacher’s part. If handled effectively then students will remember you lovingly for their entire life and draw inspiration from you. Most important love the profession and the children. Everything else automatically follows.

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Henri Fayols Administrative Management Theory

Henri Fayol, French Pioneer, considered as founder of Classical Management School, the first to systematize managerial behavior in 1916.
He proved that management is a developed skills and not a gift by birth. It is the process of getting activities completed efficiently and effectively with other people.

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Peter Druckers Modern Management Theory
Peter Druckers Modern Management Theory

In 1954, Peter Drucker introduced Management By Objectives (MBO) which is a modern approach / philosophy / idea towards Management

Concept of Total Quality Management

Concept of Quality Management (Total Quality Management) and Excellence in Education.
Achieving quality education is possible only when educational services/products meet needs and expectations, give value for time and efforts

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Concept and training of Human Resource Development

Training
1) Training is a process designed to improve the performance of an employee at his present job.
2) It imparts specific skills, abilities, and know-how to enhance his performance and make him up-to-date with current trends.

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Pre-service training

Q. Pre-service training
The formal training that a teacher gains before the start of her teaching career before she actually starts teaching, is called as Pre-service education or pre-service training.

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In-service training

Q. In-service training
As per Cane – “All those activities and courses which aim at enhancing and strengthening the professional knowledge, interests and skills of serving teachers.”

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Limitations or disadvantages of in-service training

Limitations/Disadvantages of in-service training
1) Lack of incentives, motivation, interest, trained staff, facilities, initiative.

2) Inappropriate curriculum and courses

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Models Courses Techniques of In-service Training

1) Orientation course – 21 days to 1 month
2) Summer Courses
3) Summer courses – 15 days
4) Sandwich courses – 15 days

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Explain qualities and functions of Teacher
Explain qualities and functions of Teacher

Teacher
A teacher is the single-most vital factor and the backbone of any progressive scheme of national education. Dr. West Keirsey classifies the “Teacher” as a role variant of the personality type “Idealist”.

Types of feedback
Types of feedback

Oral feedback or Face-to-face feedback
This includes giving oral feedback to a whole class after having marked their assignments, before or after returning their actual work to them.

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Correlation, Coefficient of Correlation, Types and Uses
Correlation, Coefficient of Correlation, Types and Uses

Correlation
Correlation is a measure of relationship. It is a statistical procedure that helps us to examine the relationship of one variable with another. When the increase or decrease of one variable corresponds to the increase or decrease of another, the 2 variables are said to be correlated. The converse is also true.

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Supervised study and home assignment
Supervised study and home assignment

A Method of Teaching is a process of planning, guiding, sharing and evaluating learning with a group of students. It is a procedure the teacher follows to make learning easy and effective.

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Correlation of one branch of Geography with other two branches
Correlation of one branch of Geography with other two branches

Correlation of 1 branch of  Geography with other 2 branches of  Geography
The relationship between 2 different subjects or between 2 different branches of the same subject, which have equal or related or dependent factors is called Correlation.

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National flower of India | National symbols of India
National flower of India | National symbols of India

National Flower of India
Lotus is the National Flower of India. Lotus who’s scientific name is Nelumbo Nucifera Gaertn, is a holly flower and occupies a unique and specific position in the art and mythology of ancient India. Lotus is an auspicious symbol in Indian culture.

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Bharat Ratna | The highest civilian honour of the Republic of India
Bharat Ratna | The highest civilian honour of the Republic of India

Bharat Ratna Award
Bharat Ratna award is the highest civilian honour of the Republic of India. Instituted and started on 2 January 1954, the award is conferred without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex, in recognition of “exceptional service or performance of the highest order”.

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