B.Ed Second Year Notes English Medium
Q. Pre-service training
The formal training that a teacher gains before the start of her teaching career before she actually starts teaching, is called as Pre-service education or pre-service training.
Pre-Service courses – D.T.Ed., B.Ed. 4 years integrated B.Ed. (i.e. B.A.B.Ed., B.Sc.B.Ed.)
Institutions where Pre-service training can be acquired –
1) Schools for pre-primary teachers – Kindergarten, Montessori, Nursery. I year course for matriculates
2) Institutions for Primary teachers – Some train for Basic schools and some train for traditional schools. Duration may be 1 to 2 years with matriculation as minimum qualification.
3) Institutions for Secondary School Teachers – One year course for graduates. Post-graduates are preferred.
4) Departments of Education with Arts and Science colleges – But their working is often unsatisfactory as it is overshadowed by the main college.
5) Comprehensive Colleges – They impart training to all categories – pre-primary, primary and secondary teachers. The Kothari Commission preferred such institutions to break the isolation of teacher education institutes from one another.
6) Centre Regional Colleges of Education – Located at Ajmer, Bhubaneshwar, Mysore and Bhopal, these colleges represent a new enterprise in teacher’s education to train competent teachers in the fields of science, technology, commerce, arts, agriculture, industrial crafts, etc. Eg. B.A.B.Ed. integrated course of 4 years.
7) Institutions for Specialist teachers – For special subjects like fine arts, music, dance, home science, physical education, etc.
8) University departments or Colleges of Education – They hold B.Ed. and M.Ed. classes. They also provide guidance for doctorate in education.