Concept of time management


B.Ed Second Year Notes English Medium
Types of Management:

Q. Write about the concept of Time Management. Which principles would you keep in mind while preparing an ideal time table?

INTRODUCTION
Time waits for no one and it is the only resource available in the same quantity to every human being, be he king or pauper.

CONCEPT OF TIME MANAGEMENT
Time Management is the efficient and optimum utilization of time for achieving maximum benefit. Time management results in the successful completion of our predetermined and defined tasks within the allocated time.

NEED/MERITS

1) A school has a large number of resources and activities going simultaneously so time management is needed to give due importance to every subject and activity and not neglect anything.

2) To be able to get maximum output in the least possible time.

3) To make effective use of time.

4) To avoid duplication of efforts.

5) To avoid stress.

6) To eliminate wastage of time.

7) To successfully complete our tasks as per the scheduled and allocated time.

8) To plan and use time productively.

9) To avoid the headache of spillovers and delays.

10) Time Management will also help in deciding which activities should start first, which can be clubbed together and which can be postponed to a later date.

TIME MANAGEMENT IN SCHOOLS

In schools, time can be categorized as –

1) Available Time – Time available in a school/class/teacher

2) Allotted Time – time actually given for a teaching-learning activity.

3) Engaged time – Includes the time when students are busy in some activity

4) Academic Learning Time – actual time spent on teaching-learning

5) Pacing Curriculum & Lesson – time used to pan, prepare and pace the teaching of the lesson.

6) Transition Time – shifting period from one activity to another. Will increase as the number of activities increase.

PREPARING AN IDEAL TIME TABLE

The time-table is a mirror that reflects the entire educational programme of a school. One should keep in mind certain principles while drafting the same –

1) Principle of Justice – Equally distribute work among the staff to avoid frustration and dissent. Similarly, every subject and activity should be given the due importance it deserves.

2) Principle of Variety – Change place and posture of classes as often as possible to avoid weariness and fatigue. Eg. Intersperse language lessons with those of Science and Maths or social studies, etc.

3) Free Period for Teachers – Will increase their efficiency and provide time for corrections and preparing for lessons. It will also avoid burnout. On an average teachers should be allowed 2 free periods a day.

4) Principle of Play and Recreation – Physical development is very essential and children should not be deprived of play. Recess gives them a chance to enjoy fresh air, mix freely, play, eat and replenish their energy so it should not be less than half an hour.

5) School Building and Equipment – The infrastructure and headcount of students, teachers and availability of classrooms should be kept in mind. For eg. Single-teacher schools versus regular schools.

6) Principle of Elasticity – The time-table should be flexible and allow for fluidity and not be rigid. Eg. If a teacher is allotted 12 periods for English, leave it to her to decide how she will divide time between Prose, Poetry, Grammar, drama, composition, etc.

CONCLUSION
Thus every resource in the school must manage time efficiently to include maximum curriculum for steady progress and all-round development.

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