Meaning, Concept and Need of Counselling

Meaning, Concept and Need of Counselling.

Counselling Meaning in education

Counseling is a part of guidance process. Counseling is a process in which the pupil/student/individual is approached on an individual level.

Concept of counseling in education may be described as the interaction developing through the relationship between a counselor and a person in a temporary state of indecision, confusion or distress which helps that individual to make his own decisions. It is interaction between counselor and counselee/client. Counseling is a professional service. The main thing in counseling is emotions. The counselee goes to the counselor.

Definitions of Counselling / Counselling Meaning

As per Webster’s Dictionary – “Counseling means consultations, mutual interchange of opinions or deliberating together.”

As per Glanz – “Counseling is an open ended face to face problem solving situation within which a student with professional assistance can focus and begin to solve a problem or problems.”

As per Carl Rogers – “Counseling is a series of direct contacts with the individual, in which one person or the client is helped to adjust more effectively to himself and its environment.”

As per Tyler – “The job of a Counselor is to help a person find out what his personality is like and decide how he can use the assets (qualities) (potentialities) he has, in order to get rid of the obstacles blocking his progress.”

Nature of Counselling / Characteristics of Counselling

  • Counselling involves one-to-one relationship.
  • Counselling involves 2 individuals – one seeking help and another a professionally trained person (counselor).
  • There should be a mutual relationship of respect between the 2 individuals.
  • The objective of counselling is to help the counsellee to discover and solve his personal problems independently.
  • The main emphasis is on the client’s self-direction and self-acceptance.
  • Counselling concerns itself with attitudes as well as action.
  • In counselling, emotional feelings are most important.
  • Counselling is more than advice-giving.
  • Counselling is more than the solution to an immediate problem. Its function is to produce changes in the individual that will enable him to overcome his immediate difficulties.
  • Counselling is democratic. It allows the counselee to do freely whatever he likes.

What can not be called counselling

  • Counselling is not giving information.
  • Counselling is not giving advice and suggestions or recommendations.
  • It is not influencing the client’s values, attitudes, beliefs, interests, decisions, etc. with or without threats.

Principles of counselling

  • Principle of Acceptance
  • Principle of Respect for the individual
  • Principle of Permissiveness
  • Principle of thinking with the Individual
  • Principle of Consistency with Ideals of Democracy
  • Principle of learning
  • Counseling is dedicated to self-direction and self-realization of the client or the student.
  • Counseling is the development of the insight and understanding the relationship of self and environment.
  • Counseling is a structured learning situation.
  • Counseling methods depend on the needs of the client.
  • Counseling is a preventive and remedial process.
  • Counseling is voluntary for the students.

Stages of counselling

  • Counsellee seeks the help of the counsellor.
  • The counsellee fives free expression to the emotionalized attitude.
  • The counsellee gains insight.
  • The counsellee formulates plans.
  • The counsellee terminates the counselling contract.

Steps of counselling


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  • Problem definition – The counsellor should specifically define the problem
  • Development and social history of the problem should be prepared by the counsellor.
  • Specification of the counselling goals.
  • Selection method.
  • R
  • Planning
  • Involvement of the client- Client should be actively involved and should discuss matters without any hesitation or fear.
  • Analyzing
  • Interpreting
  • Clarifying
  • Evaluation
  • Reinforcing

Types of counselling

Directive Counselling

Non-directive Counselling

Eclectic Counselling

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