Explain the various concepts of Geography


Q. Explain the modern concept of Geography with the help of a suitable diagram.

Introduction

Initially, geography was a description of the earth and its nature alone. Later, geographers redefined geography keeping in mind man’s influence on the earth and vice-versa.

Definition of geography

Prof. I. Fairgrieve: “Geography is the science which treats the relation between the earth and man.”

The Seven concepts of Geography:

  • Description of the earth: Information about various landforms and water bodies.
  • Study of physical and cultural landscape: A handshake between topographical features that form the physical landscape and its humans who define the prevalent culture.
  • Science of distribution: Study of the uneven dissemination of the earth’s natural wealth and features and its underlying causes.
  • Study of casual relationship: Geographical causes and their effects on human and animal life.
  • Study of spatial relationship: How the location of a place characterizes its climate, vegetation, human life and changes brought in thereof.
  • Earth – home of human being – How Man and nature have a direct bearing on one another and imbalance in either can lead to devastating consequences.
  • Study of interaction with nature: Man’s interaction, inter-relation and inter-dependence on nature’s biotic (plants, animals, insects, etc) and abiotic (soil, air, water, etc) components.

Modern concepts of geography:

  • Nature is earth’s most important asset and man is its major consumer. Thus we need to study their relation in detail.
  • Due to globalization, cross-cultural interaction amongst humans is increasingly thriving. So we must study about all the peoples of the world.
  • Geography is an integrated science that cuts a section through all the systematic sciences.
  • Griffith Tailor’s segregation of geography into 8 branches –
    1. Science of Environment covering (i) Topography, (ii) Climatology, (iii) Plantiology, (iv) Cartography
    2. Science of Human Being relating to – (i) Political, (ii) Social, (iii) Economical and (iv) Ethnology – geography.

Conclusion

Concepts of Geography are constantly evolving but it has never digressed from its main trinity of earth-man-nature.

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Place of Geography in school curriculum
Q.Place of Geography in school curriculum

Geography combines study of earth, man, nature and the universe and their influence on each other. Thus it a “complete” subject governing all forms of existence.

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Write the meaning and nature of Geography
Q. The meaning and nature of Geography

Meaning of Geography
Initially, geography (geo + graphy = earth + to describe) was relegated to being a description of the earth and its nature alone. Later, however, geographers started defining geography keeping in mind man’s influence on the earth and vice-versa.

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Branches of Geography and importance of Geography
Q. Branches of Geography and importance of Geography

Importance of Geography
Geography is one of the social sciences now heading towards scientific form.
It is a subject of the earth and also a heavenly science as it combines study of earth, man, nature and the universe and their influence on each other.

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Correlation of geography within the subject and with other subjects
Q. Explain the correlation of geography with history and mathematics and science with suitable examples.

Introduction
Just as we use previous knowledge during the set induction of any new concept, for effective teaching-learning, similarly, geography can be taught in relation with other subjects for better understanding as it cuts a section through all the systematic sciences.

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