B.Ed Second Year Notes English Medium


“Discipline” is derived from the Latin word “Disciplina” meaning “management”


“It is a mode of life in accordance with certain rules and regulations.”

“It is a sort of self control, reflected in public action.”

Modern Concept of Discipline

In ancient times, negative discipline of corporal punishment was used but in modern times, educationists such as Rousseau, John Dewey, Mahatma Gandhi, Tagore, etc. have advocated a type of discipline that focuses on training the mind, manners, and attitudes, formation of right habits and development of character in a “positive” way.
Children are not beaten but are made to realize their mistakes and responsibilities not by enforcing but by setting examples and following them.

Principles –

1) Control discipline with love and not fear. It should be positive and constructive.

2) Discipline procedures should be in harmony with the goals of education.

3) Due to loss of idealism, value education has been given an important place with core elements and values being implemented for every unit taught.

4) Should ensure equal justice for all and respect the dignity and rights of all.

5) Use practices such as guidance and counseling, psychological tests, etc. to treat the root cause of indiscipline.


Causes of indiscipline

1) Unsuitable environment – Students are disturbed and cannot concentrate due to traffic, loudspeakers, sports activities going on outside, etc.

2) Overcrowded classes

3) Faulty class structure – Improper seating arrangement, no proper light, ventilation, lack of windows, broken or insufficient furniture and equipment.

4) Heterogeneity in students – Visually impaired, hearing impaired, gifted learners, slow learners, etc. all study together due to inclusive nature of education.

5) Poor family values, neglected environment, maladjustment problems, poor mental health, etc.

6) Teacher is too strict or too lenient and unable to manage or handle the students.

7) Teacher is fatigued and exhausted and overburdened so does not pay individual attention or develop rapport with the students.

8) Faulty examination system. Evaluation is done only at the end of the year as pass or fail.

9) Lack of infrastructural facilities like human needs and academic needs. Eg. Lack of playground, laboratories, etc. will keep children restricted to the classroom and make them bored and restless.

10) No proper feedback provided to parents.

11) Lack of guidance and counselling facilities in schools.

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