Explain directive counselling
Characteristics of Direct counselling :
- A counselor-centered counselling.
- Here the Counsellor is important.
- Majority of the work and talking is done by the counsellor.
- Directive people believe counselling is a means of helping people how to learn to solve their own problems. So in directive counselling, emphasis is on –
- The problem
- What caused the problem
- How it can be solved
Main features of directive counselling
- Interview – During the interview, attention is focused on a particular problem and possibilities for its solution.
- The counsellor plays a more active role than the client.
- The client makes the decision but the counsellor tries to direct the thinking of the counselee by informing, explaining, interpreting and advising. Eg. Career counselling.
Steps in directive counselling
- Analysis – Collection of data needed for an adequate understanding of the student, from different variety of sources. Eg. Using tools, testing, etc.
- Synthesis – Organizing and summarizing and filtering data to find out the assets, liabilities, and adjustment and maladjustment of the student.
- Diagnosis – Formulating conclusions regarding the problems and causes.
- Prognosis – Prediction of future development of the student’s problem.
- Counselling and Treatment – The counsellor decides the treatment and the actual treatment starts and actual counselling starts.
- Follow-up – Helping and determining the effectiveness of the counselling provided to the student. If not suitable then change/modification in the treatment.
Merits of directive counselling
- It takes less time to solve the problem.
- It gives more significance to the intellectual rather than to the emotional aspect.
- Emphasis is on the problem and not on the counselee/individual.
- The counsellor can see the client more objectively than the client himself.
- It is less time-consuming.
Limitations of directive counselling
- It makes the counselee more dependent and less able to solve new problems of adjustment.
- The counsellor becomes dominant and influential.
- It is against democratic value.
- It does not guide the counselee to be efficient and express himself.