Explain directive counselling

Directive counselling

Characteristics of Direct counselling :
  • A counselor-centered counselling.
  • Here the Counsellor is important.
  • Majority of the work and talking is done by the counsellor.
  • Directive people believe counselling is a means of helping people how to learn to solve their own problems. So in directive counselling, emphasis is on –
    1. The problem
    2. What caused the problem
    3. How it can be solved

Main features of directive counselling

  • Interview – During the interview, attention is focused on a particular problem and possibilities for its solution.
  • The counsellor plays a more active role than the client.
  • The client makes the decision but the counsellor tries to direct the thinking of the counselee by informing, explaining, interpreting and advising. Eg. Career counselling.

Steps in directive counselling

  • Analysis – Collection of data needed for an adequate understanding of the student, from different variety of sources. Eg. Using tools, testing, etc.
  • Synthesis – Organizing and summarizing and filtering data to find out the assets, liabilities, and adjustment and maladjustment of the student.
  • Diagnosis – Formulating conclusions regarding the problems and causes.
  • Prognosis – Prediction of future development of the student’s problem.
  • Counselling and Treatment – The counsellor decides the treatment and the actual treatment starts and actual counselling starts.
  • Follow-up – Helping and determining the effectiveness of the counselling provided to the student. If not suitable then change/modification in the treatment.

Merits of directive counselling

  • It takes less time to solve the problem.
  • It gives more significance to the intellectual rather than to the emotional aspect.
  • Emphasis is on the problem and not on the counselee/individual.
  • The counsellor can see the client more objectively than the client himself.
  • It is less time-consuming.

Limitations of directive counselling

  • It makes the counselee more dependent and less able to solve new problems of adjustment.
  • The counsellor becomes dominant and influential.
  • It is against democratic value.
  • It does not guide the counselee to be efficient and express himself.

Share on: Share YogiRaj B.Ed Study Notes on twitter Share YogiRaj B.Ed Study Notes on facebook Share YogiRaj B.Ed Study Notes on WhatsApp

Suggested Posts

Meaning, Concept and Need of Counselling
Meaning, Concept and Need of Counselling

Counselling Meaning –
Counselling is a part of guidance process. Counselling is a process in which the pupil/student/individual is approached on an individual level.

Read full article
Difference between guidance and counselling

1.Guidance is a wider concept which includes various types of services
2.Guidance is related to all students
3.Guidance is a continuous process

Read full article
Explain Non directive counselling

It is a client-centered counselling.
The client plays an active role.
It is a growing process.

Read full article
Explain eclectic counselling

It is a combination of Directive and Non directive counselling.
The counsellor can start with Directive but if and when the situation demands the counsellor may switch over to non-directive counselling and vice-versa.

Read full article