Explain directive counselling


Q. Directive counselling

  • A counselor-centered counselling.
  • Here the Counsellor is important.
  • Majority of the work and talking is done by the counsellor.
  • Directive people believe counselling is a means of helping people how to learn to solve their own problems. So in directive counselling, emphasis is on –
    1. The problem
    2. What caused the problem
    3. How it can be solved

Main features of directive counselling

  • Interview – During the interview, attention is focused on a particular problem and possibilities for its solution.
  • The counsellor plays a more active role than the client.
  • The client makes the decision but the counsellor tries to direct the thinking of the counselee by informing, explaining, interpreting and advising. Eg. Career counselling.

Steps in directive counselling

  • Analysis – Collection of data needed for an adequate understanding of the student, from different variety of sources. Eg. Using tools, testing, etc.
  • Synthesis – Organizing and summarizing and filtering data to find out the assets, liabilities, and adjustment and maladjustment of the student.
  • Diagnosis – Formulating conclusions regarding the problems and causes.
  • Prognosis – Prediction of future development of the student’s problem.
  • Counselling and Treatment – The counsellor decides the treatment and the actual treatment starts and actual counselling starts.
  • Follow-up – Helping and determining the effectiveness of the counselling provided to the student. If not suitable then change/modification in the treatment.

Merits of directive counselling

  • It takes less time to solve the problem.
  • It gives more significance to the intellectual rather than to the emotional aspect.
  • Emphasis is on the problem and not on the counselee/individual.
  • The counsellor can see the client more objectively than the client himself.
  • It is less time-consuming.

Limitations of directive counselling

  • It makes the counselee more dependent and less able to solve new problems of adjustment.
  • The counsellor becomes dominant and influential.
  • It is against democratic value.
  • It does not guide the counselee to be efficient and express himself.

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The client plays an active role.
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The counsellor can start with Directive but if and when the situation demands the counsellor may switch over to non-directive counselling and vice-versa.

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