Experience curriculum and Subject-centered curriculum


Experience curriculum and Subject-centered curriculum

The two curricula are poles apart. Subject-centered curriculum provides knowledge with pupils remaining passive for most of the time. Experience curriculum actively involves the learners. Thomson Hopkins has compared and contrasted the two types of curriculum as follows:

Subject-Curriculum

  1. Centered in subjects
  2. Emphasis upon teaching subject-matter.
  3. Subject-matter selected and organized before the teaching situation.
  4. Controlled by the teacher or someone representing authority external to learning situation.
  5. Emphasis upon teaching facts, imparting information, acquiring knowledge for its own sake or possible future use.
  6. Emphasis on teaching specific habits and skills as separate and isolated aspects of learning.
  7. Emphasis upon improving methods of teaching subject- matter of specific subjects.
  8. Emphasis upon uniformity of exposures to learning situations and in so far as possible, uniformity of learning results.
  9. Education as aiding each child to build a cognitive memory.
  10. Education schooling

Experience curriculum

  1. Centered in learners.
  2. Emphasis upon promoting the all round growth of learners.
  3. Subject-matter selected and organized co-operatively by all: learners.
  4. Controlled and directed co-operatively by pupils, teachers, parents, supervisors, principals and others in the learning, situation.
  5. Emphasis upon meaningful experiences which will function immediately in improving living. !
  6. Emphasis upon building habits and skills as integral parts of large experiences.
  7. Emphasis upon understanding; improving through use, the process of learning.
  8. Emphasis upon variability, on exposure to learning situations and variability, in the results, expected and achieved.
  9. Education as aiding each child to build a socially creative individuality.
  10. Education considered as a continuous, intelligent process of growth.

Share on: Share YogiRaj B.Ed Study Notes on twitter Share YogiRaj B.Ed Study Notes on facebook Share YogiRaj B.Ed Study Notes on WhatsApp
Complete information on the meaning and principles of curriculum construction
Complete information on the meaning and principles of curriculum construction

Meaning of Curriculum:
The term curriculum has been derived from a Latin word ‘Currere’ which means a ‘race course’ or a runway on which one runs to reach a goal. Accordingly, a curriculum is the instructional and the educative programme by following which the pupils achieve their goals, ideals and aspirations of life.

Read full article
Meaning, Concept and types of Curriculum
Meaning, Concept and types of Curriculum

Introduction:
Curriculum is an important element of education. Aims of education are reflected in the curriculum. In other words, the curriculum is determined by the aims of life and society. Aims of life and society are subject to constant change.
Hence, the aims of education are also subject to change and dynamic.

Read full article
Characteristics of Child-Centered curriculum
Characteristics of Child-Centered curriculum

The following are the main characteristics of Child-Centered Curriculum:
It is organized around the child, his personal needs and interests which are socially derived. Child’s own interests facilitate learning. Curriculum aims at progressive promotion of knowledge. Subject matter is selected and organized according to teaching-learning situation. This helps in the growth of life- related skills.

Read full article
Meaning, advantage and limitation of activity-centered curriculum
Meaning, advantage and limitation of activity-centered curriculum

According to M.K. Gandhi, education is the development of all the aspects i.e. body, mind and spirit. So mind without activities can not develop the personality perfectly. So education must give importance to activities.
Activity is used as a means for imparting knowledge, skills, habits and attitudes. Education, which has no link with life, is meaningless and fruitless.

Read full article