Importance of Core Elements
Indian culture is composite. There are various cultural threads. There is a lot of diversity in respect of languages, customs, habits, religions, professions, etc. But in spite of these variations there is a general feeling of “Indianness” which transcends all these differences.
Thus it is important to preserve and promote “Unity in diversity” and this had given rise to the core elements of the curriculum.
Core elements help in bringing about the synthesis of Indian people into one strong unit.
- Preservation of diversity
- Promotion of Unity
- Teaching of Values
- Useful for achieving educational objectives
- Development of personality
- Moulding of the nation
The 10 Core elements –
- History of India’s Freedom Movement
- Constitutional Obligations
- Content Essential to Nurture National Identity
- India’s Common Cultural Heritage
- Egalitarianism, Democracy and Secularism.
- Equality of Sexes
- Protection of Environment
- Removal of Social Barriers
- Observance of Small Family Norm
- Inculcation of Scientific Temper
History of India’s Freedom Movement –
Seeks to acquaint students with the fight for independence and the rise of free India. To make them realize it was not just a political movement but also a social, cultural and economic movement. It aims to highlight the innumerable sacrifices of people from all social strata and to develop love and respect for the nation and independence.
Constitutional Obligations –
To explain the Indian constitution to the students. It is not a mere set of rules and regulations but reflects our ideals, aspirations and hopes. It outlines the type of society we wish to build for ourselves. It enfolds our rights as well as duties as citizens and we need to be aware of them and abide by them.
Content Essential to Nurture National Identity –
Seeks to identify and associate ourselves with the ideals, aspirations, hopes, symbols, values of our country. To develop patriotism, national integrity, reverence for national symbols and love for democracy, national festivals, monuments, geography of the land, pilgrim places, etc. and all that make our country “Sujalam” and “Suphalam”.
India’s Common Cultural Heritage –
Culture is a complex whole that includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, laws, customs and any other capability acquired by man as a member of society. This core element helps us understand our rich culture and heritage and the concept of unity in diversity.
Egalitarianism, Democracy and Secularism
To explain these concepts of how our country promotes equal rights for all, how government is of the people, by the people and for the people, and how all religions have the right to preach and practice their faiths.
Equality of Sexes –
We must propagate that men and women are equal and complement of each other and there should be no discrimination between the two on personal or professional grounds. Also to do away with traditional social evils such as the dowry system, child marriage, polygamy, etc.
Protection of Environment –
Man and environment have a fast influence and bearing on each other. Each is crucial for the well-being of the other. Man is nature’s most important consumer as well as destroyer and we need to inculcate the need for protecting and nurturing the environment – be it natural, social or cultural.
Removal of Social Barriers –
This core element emphasizes on the eradication of social barriers like casteism, religion, rich-poor, superstitions, language, labour, etc. to realize the nation’s goal of an integrated and casteless society for progress of the nation.
Observance of Small Family Norm –
India is a highly populous country and within the next decade it is slated to overtake China and become the most populated country in the world. Thus there is a strong need to exercise caution and promote the advantages of small families so as to curb the load and stress on our resources.
Inculcation of Scientific Temper –
This core element aims to develop the ability in us to think rationally, objectively and scientifically and adjust to new circumstances and not just go by blind belief and superstition.