B.Ed Second Year Notes English Medium

B.Ed Notes for B.Ed second year students of English medium. These notes are helpful for B.Ed and other educational courses education students- Yogiraj Notes


Explain qualities and functions of headmaster

The school is as great as the headmaster under whom it may flourish or perish.
Qualities
1) Sound educational philosophy of life and values.
2) An educational visionary with sound judgement and foresight.

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Explain qualities and functions of Assistant Headmaster Supervisor

The supervisor is a link or a Liaison Officer between the principal and the teaching staff.
Qualities
1) A supervisor should always set an example with his punctuality and smooth running of all affairs.

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Explain the concept of leadership

Introduction
The term leadership is derived from the word leader, which means to lead. The responsibility of smooth functioning of any organization rests on the shoulders of the leader.

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Academic needs of a school with their importance

Q. Explain any 4 academic needs of a school with their importance.
The school is the second home of the child where he spends a lot of his time.

Four basic academic needs of a good school are-

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Define Wastage and Stagnation

What are the causes of it. As a Teacher what measures/remedies would you suggest to the problem of Wastage and Stagnation?
Introduction
The Govt. of India promotes free and compulsory primary education

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Remedial measures for Wastage and Stagnation

1) We should try to remove the heterogeneity in society where the rich become richer and the poor, poorer.
2) Sufficient financial aid should be provided for adequate infrastructure such as school building,

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Problems of overcrowded classes

Q. Problems of overcrowded classes
Problems of overcrowded classes –
1. Class Related –
a. Classroom management becomes difficult.
b. Class becomes noisy/indisciplined.

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Remedies for overcrowded classes

Q. Remedies for overcrowded classes
1) Have more divisions with more staff appointed.
2) There should be a fixed Teacher-Student ratio.

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Problems of Discipline
Q. Problems of Discipline

Indiscipline can be broadly stated as a loss of idealism in the society .
With no proper leadership or direction shown by teachers and with flaws and drawbacks in the prevalent education system

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Maintaining discipline in an overcrowded class

Q. Which strategy will you use to maintain discipline in an overcrowded class?
Discipline is a product of good teaching. A fine teacher maintains a friendly climate in the class and generates enthusiasm amongst his pupils. I would

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Importance of heredity and environment

Discuss relative importance of heredity and environment in child’s development
Introduction
Man is the product of nature and nature i.e. heredity and environment. Both heredity and environment play important role in the development of the personality.

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Discipline

“Discipline” is derived from the Latin word “Disciplina” meaning “management”
DEFINITION
“It is a mode of life in accordance with certain rules and regulations.”

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Importance or Need of Vocationalisation

Importance/Need of Vocationalisation
Vocationalisation, introduced by the Kothari Commission after 1965 is still relevant and crucial in modern times –

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Problems of vocationalisation at the higher secondary stage and remedial measures

Introduction
As per the UNESCO, Vocational Education is a comprehensive term which (in addition to general education) involves the study of technologies and related sciences and the acquisition of practical skills, attitudes,

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Uses of evaluation
Uses of evaluation

The various uses of evaluation
Parents come to know about the progress of their wards –
It is important for the parents to know about the talents as well as shortcomings of their children

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Types of feedback
Types of feedback

Oral feedback or Face-to-face feedback
This includes giving oral feedback to a whole class after having marked their assignments, before or after returning their actual work to them.

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Measures of central tendency
Measures of central tendency

The values or measures which lie or fall in the centre or middle of the distribution or data are called measures of Central Tendency. Scores lie in the middle of the distribution.

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Supervised study and home assignment
Supervised study and home assignment

A Method of Teaching is a process of planning, guiding, sharing and evaluating learning with a group of students. It is a procedure the teacher follows to make learning easy and effective.

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Official Language and Schedules of the Constitution
Official Language and Schedules of the Constitution

Under Article 343, Hindi in Devanagari script was accepted as the official language of the Union. But, for a period of fifteen years from the commencement of the Constitution, the English language was allowed to be used for all the official purposes of the Union.

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National flower of India | National symbols of India
National flower of India | National symbols of India

National Flower of India
Lotus is the National Flower of India. Lotus who’s scientific name is Nelumbo Nucifera Gaertn, is a holly flower and occupies a unique and specific position in the art and mythology of ancient India. Lotus is an auspicious symbol in Indian culture.

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