Assessment and evaluation in an inclusive setup


Q. Assessment and evaluation in an inclusive setup

Tests and Assessments:

To measure and identify the degree of intellectual functioning, typically two measures are used: tests to measure a child’s intelligence quotient or

IQ test and Adaptive measures.

Intelligence Tests: As addressed earlier, it is important that tests used to measure your students’ IQ are “standardized” on Indian contexts, that is, they are developed for and attend to, the Indian developmental, socio cultural contexts.

Adaptive Scale: The adaptive scale measures adaptive skills to understand the degree or level of ability to adapt to one’s environment, using day-today skills such communicating, social interactions, and self-care.

As relevant to the purpose of this document, related information is organized under the section Cognitive/intellectual Impairments. Given the limited accessibility or availability of tests and assessments, many of the students experiencing learning difficulties that are either due to cognitive or intellectual impairments may not get identified and diagnosed appropriately.

Further, many children have different learning styles, or face demanding conditions outside of school such as poverty, illiteracy of parents, lack of adequate or appropriate care, taking care of younger siblings, household chores, labor or even abuse. These also impact their ability to stay attentive, focused, and/or learn. Given the complexities surrounding the issue, this section offers some strategies to design your classroom, instructions and activities that are inclusive to different learning styles and needs.

Difference between Assessment and Evaluation

Assessment procedures focus on learning, teaching and results of the teaching-learning processes. Assessment processes involve students and teachers in gathering information, which helps the teachers, know whether their students are learning, and how effective the teaching-learning in the classroom is. The information is helpful in adapting or modifying teaching to help improve student performance. Information is learner-centered, course based, frequently anonymous and not graded. CCE procedures fall within assessments, since they are not graded (assigned marks) and are formative in nature.

Evaluation focuses on grades and may reflect classroom components other than course content and mastery level. These could include discussion, cooperation, attendance and verbal ability.

Share on: Share YogiRaj B.Ed Study Notes on twitter Share YogiRaj B.Ed Study Notes on facebook Share YogiRaj B.Ed Study Notes on WhatsApp
What are the barriers to assistive technology?
Q. What are the barriers to assistive technology?

As indicated earlier, disability is the outcome of the interaction between a child with an impairment and an environment with barriers that hinder his or her participation on an equal basis with others. Assistive technology can reduce or eliminate such barriers. However, obtaining such technology is not always possible due to product and service related barriers.

Read full article
Assistive technology for successful inclusion
Q. Assistive technology for successful inclusion

What is assistive technology?
Assistive technology is used as an umbrella term for both assistive products and related services. Assistive products are also known as assistive devices.
What are the benefits of assistive technology?

Read full article
Local Government – Panchayats
Q. Local Government – Panchayats

Panchayati Raj is an important feature of the Indian political system which ensures the direct participation of people at the grass roots level. After independence the framers of the Constitution decided to give them importance and under Article 40 of the Directive Principles directed the states to “organize village panchayats as units of self government”

Read full article
The State Legislature
Q. The State Legislature

The Constitution provides for a Legislature for every state. The legislature of every state consists of the Governor and one or two Houses. The legislatures in the state are either bicameral (consisting of two Houses) or unicameral (consisting of one House).

Read full article