Explain lecture method of teaching

Lecture method

Advantages of Lecture Method

  • Gives the instructor the chance to expose students to unpublished or not readily available material.
  • Allows the instructor to precisely determine the aims, content, organization, pace and direction of a presentation.
  • Can be used to arouse interest in a subject.
  • Can complement and clarify text material.
  • Complements certain individual learning preferences. Some students depend upon the structure provided by highly teacher-centered methods.
  • Facilitates large-class communication.

Disadvantages of Lecture Method

  • Places students in a passive rather than an active role, which hinders learning.
  • Encourages one-way communication; therefore, the lecturer must make a conscious effort to become aware of student problems and student understanding of content without verbal feedback.
  • Requires a considerable amount of unguided student time outside of the classroom to enable understanding and long-term retention of content. In contrast, interactive methods (discussion, problem-solving sessions) allow the instructor to influence students when they are actively working with the material.
  • Requires the instructor to have or to learn effective writing and speaking skills.


What are the demerits of lecture method of teaching?

(i) It provides little scope for pupil’s activity.

(ii) It does not take into consideration the individual differ­ences of pupils.

(iii) It is against the principle of ‘learning by doing.’.

(iv) It spoon feeds the students without developing their power of reasoning.

(v) Speed of the lecture may be too fast for learners to grasp the line of thought.

(vi) An average student may not be able to fix up his attention to a lecture.

(vii) A lecture may become monotonous to students after a while.

When to use lecture method

This method can be suitably used:

(i) For Communicating new facts or information to the stu­dents.

(ii) For completing the courses in time.

(iii) For reviewing and summarizing a unit.

(iv) For expanding the unit by giving better explanation.

(v) For communicating such material to students which is not available in their text-book.

Method of presenting a good lecture

Following points should be given due consideration:.

(i) Key terms are explained in details.

(ii) Reasonable task units are given.

(iii) Lecture should be delivered sequentially.

(iv) Teacher should prepare brief notes in good language before delivering the lecture.

(v) All out efforts are made to correlate the lecture.

(vi) Teacher should make frequent use of verbal imagery and oral illustrations.

(vii) Lecture should be delivered at proper speed.

(viii) Lecture should be delivered in well modulated tone and voice.

(ix) It should be followed by frequent inspection of student’s notes by the teacher.

Share on: Share YogiRaj B.Ed Study Notes on twitter Share YogiRaj B.Ed Study Notes on facebook Share YogiRaj B.Ed Study Notes on WhatsApp

Suggested Posts

What do you mean by teaching? What are the characteristics of an effective teacher?
What do you mean by teaching? What are the characteristics of an effective teacher?

Teacher-student interaction. Student-student interaction. As a teacher what will you do for effective classroom management?
Teaching is a complex and challenging but rewarding and noble profession. And a teacher is commonly referred to as a maker of man…

Read full article
Discussion, conclusions and implications of brain-based learning
Q. Discussion, conclusions and implications.

Like in the constructivist approach, in brain-based learning the construction of knowledge, meaningful learning, encouragement of students to construct knowledge based on their previous experiences, is encouraged.
According to both approaches, individual differences may exist both in the construction and interpretation of knowledge.

Read full article
Flipped classroom
Q. Flipped classroom

Flipped classroom or flip teaching is a form of blended learning in which students learn new content online by watching video lectures, usually at home, and what used to be homework (assigned problems) is now done in class with teachers offering more personalized guidance and interaction with students, instead of lecturing.

Read full article
Functions of teaching
Q. Functions of teaching

Explain and inform:-
The main function of teaching is to explain and inform the students about a topic`s pros and cons. A good teacher is expected to be well informed especially in the area he teaches.
Initiation, direction and administration:-
It is the function of teaching to initiate, direct, organize and take decisions about any problem which arises in our school or with our teaching – learning process.

Read full article