Quantitative versus Qualitative evaluation
Quantitative evaluation is outcome-oriented. You will need to have predefined outcomes for your project. You will then test to see how your program is doing with respect to these outcomes using numerical data.
Qualitative evaluation provides you with the ability to gain an in-depth understanding of a program or process. It involves the “why” and the “how” and allows a deeper look at issues of interest and to explore nuances.
Difference between Quantitative and Qualitative evaluation
|It attempts to measure in numerical terms the item/individual to be evaluated.||It attempts to verbally describe in terms of remarks the item/individual to be evaluated.|
|They are best suited to measuring levels and making comparisons in statistical relations.||They are best suited when we wanted to assess and inquire deeper into the skills, reasons or causes of behavior.|
|It comprises of techniques and tools such as written examination, practicals, questionnaires, etc.||It comprises of tools and techniques such as Observation, interview, introspection, role play, etc.|
|It is objective in nature.||It is subjective in nature as value judgements are made.|
|Results cannot be changed by the examiner.||Opinions can be changed.|
|Can be administered at a mass level.||Cannot be administered at a mass level as it is more individual based.|
|It is often a precursor to qualitative evaluation.||Need not have any relation with quantitative evaluation.|
|It may not always require experts in that field to carry out.||It almost always requires experts familiar with the said techniques for proper evaluation.|
|There is no personal or human touch.||It has a human touch..|