Motivation in the class
Q. Motivation in the class
Provision for motivation in the school will depend on a no of factors. There are certain conditions which may prove useful in creating motivation.
- Maturation & Motivation: It is not wise to stimulate a child for activities before he is physically, socially & mentally mature. We expect our children at 3 ½ years of age to be able to read & write the alphabets. A little deviation on the part of a child from the standard or class would render problem to the child’s growth & therefore should be avoided. To make the children learn something beyond their level of may bring feelings of frustration & failure which later inhibit the mental growth & reduces the rate of learning.
On the contrary, properly planned curriculum & teaching according to the age and the mental level of the children will in meaningful to them. They get interested & therefore get involved in such learning because they see some purpose or goal in their work & ways to achieve them.
- Effective Repetition: Repetition has been used as a method of learning by teachers. In ancient India when books were not available, scholars memorized whole books. Mechanical repetition does not lead to good learning. But if done with understanding, effectively & meaningfully, then one gets satisfaction from such actions & voluntary repetition is possible.
- Hedonistic Principle: The hedonistic principle of pleasure leads to repetition & to satisfaction. The law of effect therefore comes into operation. The bond between the stimulus & response strengthens giving rise of pleasure i.e. connections which are made in the brain gets strengthened due to frequent repetition and this is turn leads to effective learning. The pupil tends to repeat & willingly works further due to which feels a sense of satisfaction. Satisfaction in any activity provides further motivation to perform par excellence in that particular act.
- Active Participation: Students tend to do better when there is active participation. The school should therefore plan activities like cultural activities so that pupils get interested & motivated.
- Emulation: There is a lot of competition nowadays in education. Pupils by to imitate & this tendency can be utilized to motivate the students.
E.g. good pupils can motivate others to become equally good & competition may be either within individuals or in group.
- Group Work: We are trying to build a society on the spirit of collectiveness. It is the duty the teacher to stimulate the spirit of selfless work for the good of the group as an individual. Such activities bring out noble qualities which leads the society in the healthy environment.
E.g. social service, team work, in fighting shyness & also allowing pupils to organize & manage their own activities like exhibitions, excursions, etc.
- Evaluation & feedback: Proper evaluation of work is necessary for effective motivation. The present system of exams in spite of its drawbacks motivates pupils to work. Sound internal assessment provides motivation to learn. Information regarding the pupil’s progress should be given from time to time. It is the awareness of one’s successes leads pupils to work for further. Testing has to be given from time to time.
- Teacher- pupil relationship: There should be a good relationship between the teacher and the pupil in order to motivate the pupils to work. Pupils should have individual contact with teachers outside the classroom. The teachers should also accept his pupils and this leads to better understanding & motivation.
- Value of learning: The teacher should highlight the value of learning among his pupils. They should realize that „knowledge is power‟ and can be helpful in life and will make them successful. The importance of learning should be related to the future life of the pupils.
- Success & Failure: Both these concepts / aspects play an important role for building or developing he personality of an individual. It is said that there should be always on equal share of success and failure.
A learner or any individual should have a greater level of success so that he is highly motivated. The teacher should try to help the learner to know his potentials capabilities and goals to be set which can be achieved an individual has to experience success in one area or another.
- Rewards & punishment: The prospects of getting rewards like prizes, degrees serve as a definite motive for work. These are positive in character as they realize talents & qualities and tend to develop them further a pupil may to get a first rank is class. Rewards are more effective than punishment.
In the past, physical punishments was order of the day the class generally had a masters one to teach & one to maintain discipline punishment may be in form of caning and humiliation. Punishments are of a negative character and based on the fear of basing prestige, rejection implicit or physical pain.
Extreme punishment can kill the timeline, resourcefulness and the spirit of thinking fear of in an exam is a negative motive because pupils work not for the of learning but because of the fear of failure & rejection. Such negative negatives lead to a verity of antisocial such as espying, quarrelling, bribery and later lead pupils to grow into undesirable citizens.
Punishment may be in the form of finding faults but this type of punishment proves useful because they motivate pupils to work in desired lines. It is better to scold boys who are bright & extrovert.
The question therefore is not whether reward or punishment is good or bad but in the careful use in the class.
- Co-curricular Activities: Sports, clubs, dramas, debates, etc. play an important role in motivating students to work therefore the school should provide many activities so that students are able to such activities that interest them these activities develop interest & stimulate the talents they motivate the students to learn & work on their own e.g. Children interested in service may join service duct & conduct experimental work.
- Progressive Methods of Teaching: The teacher should use new modern methods to create interest like programmed teaching, team teaching & the discussion method, project method, heuristic method of teaching. These methods are child- centered and based on important psychological principles.
- Use of Teaching – Learning Aids: The teacher should introduce various aids and devices of teaching, for example, audio- visual aids, radio, computers, etc. to create interest in learning. These will motivate children in grasping and digesting new learning.
- The teacher must realize that effective learning is possible only when the physiological needs of pupil have been met .
E.g. a hungry child who comes to school will not be able to perform effectively till his needs are satisfied. Indian schools provide mid-meal, play periods etc.
- Child education great emphasis is laid on security need of children, i.e. of a school is well organized, discipline is consistent, teachers approach is fairly predictable then young will imbibe a sense of security.
- These are two primary needs, unless are satisfied, we will not be motivated to satisfied the secondary needs/higher order needs.
- The teacher by his gentle and kind treatment builds up a strong motive power for learning and school work.
- In the school the is a system of grades, honors, prizes thus providing recognition to large variety of talents, activities, like debates, recitation, games.
- Since parents believe that their sons and daughters are trying to earn a better status in life through education it always, posited for the teacher to appeal to this mourn in Indian scrod’s through praise encouragement and appreciation.
Characteristics of persons with achievement motivation
- Very high inspirational level.
- Highly motivated.
- Strong desire to excel.
- Perseverant & consistent.
- Passes the courage of conviction & belief in themselves.
- Have a positive attitude.
- Efficient & sincere.
- A lot of anxiety.
- They do the activity as they get pleasure out of it.
Teacher’s role in the development of achievement motive
- Make clear the importance of Achievement Motivation by telling stories of great men & their achievements from all walks of life.
- Teacher’s attitude & enthusiasm should be such as to create better environment for achievement and motivating in their future life.
- Emphasis on self study and assign independent responsibility to them.
- Develop conducive social climate in the class so that every individual feels he belongs to a group.
- Provides opportunities to all so that each one can prove their excellence.
- Development of reasonable and realistic motives.
Researches on achievement motivation show that changes in religious beliefs, personal & social values & orientation towards achievement may result in achievement level.