Causes or reasons for guidance


Causes or reasons for guidance

Complex/Changing nature of society – Today the entire structure and nature of society is undergoing changes from all angles – socially, culturally, scientifically, economically, politically, etc. due to rapid Liberalisation, Privatisation and Globalisation. More and more individuals feel the need for guidance as newer problems are cropping up and it becomes difficult to achieve satisfactory results. Eg. Economic change, recessions leading to unemployment, mental stress and tensions, negative inflation, economic disparity, poor becoming poorer and rich becoming richer. 2005-2008 food prices have gone up five-fold. Political change – lack of ideal leaders, corruption, malpractices, etc.

Individual Differences – Each individual differs in physical, emotional, psychological, intellectual, personality traits, interests, likings, abilities, achievements, aspirations, etc. Requirements of various occupations also differ. Eg. Engineering versus Medical, Agriculture versus Architecture, etc.

Change in educational and industrial pattern of the country – Previously agriculture based. Now more industry and service-based sectors arising due to LPG.

Conservation of human energy – To make the proper use of vast natural resources and the large population, only guidance services are useful.

Lack of guidance at home – Nuclear families, lack of time. The present home does not provide the necessary moral and social training so school guidance is strongly needed.

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Individual and social need for guidance
Need for Guidance

According to Jones, everyone needs assistance at some time in his life. Some need it constantly throughout their entire life, while others need it only at rare times of crisis.

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Meaning of Guidance, explain concept , characteristics and nature of guidance
Meaning of Guidance, explain concept , characteristics and nature of guidance

“A candle can walk ‘with’ us and show us the way; it cannot walk ‘for’ us.”

Concept or Meaning of Guidance

Guidance is some form of help or assistance given by an expert person to an individual to develop his or her personality and achieve proper direction in life. 

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What is a System and its characteristics?
What is a System and its characteristics?

A system is an assemblage – an organic or organised whole – of objects united by some form of regular interaction or interdependence. Eg. Solar system, Pulley system, Internet, Ecosystems, respiratory system, etc.

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Principles and Nature of System Approach
Principles and Nature of System Approach

There are goals and objectives in system approach. Goal is the overall aim and generally vague while objectives are the specific, definite, concrete, precise steps to be taken towards that goal.

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Study Notes 5
Study Notes 5
Study Notes 5
Study Notes 5
Study Notes 5
Study Notes 5
Study Notes 5
Study Notes 5

Some important study notes