Measures to be taken for Equalization of Educational Opportunities
Measures to be taken for Equalization of Educational Opportunities.
In order to ensure equalization of educational opportunities certain measures should be taken with immediate effect. These measures may be specific to the stages of education and some measures may be based on the needs and status of disadvantaged groups, disabled children, and girls.
(i) Primary Education:
Primary education should seek to satisfy the basic universal needs of all men without any discrimination of any kind what so ever. There should not be any differentiation of curricula at this stage. Equality of educational opportunities at the primary stage requires provision of free, compulsory and universal education for all children without any discrimination.
(ii) Secondary Education:
Individual differences among boys and girls are more prominent at the secondary stage than at any other stage. Thus at the secondary stage diversified curricula should be introduced to career to the needs, interests and capabilities of students.
(iii) Higher Professional Education:
At the stage of higher education and professional education emphasis should be placed on individual capacity or merit and maintenance of quality and standard.
(iv) Compensatory Education:
Disadvantaged children have an unstimulating environment. They attend primary schools without prerequisite learning which are necessary for successful completion of primary education. They later experience failure and drop-out from school. In order to equalize educational opportunities compensatory education should be provided to them.
(v) Fair and Just Admission:
In order to equalize educational opportunities admission in educational institutions should be based on merit.
(vi) Common School System:
Equalization of educational opportunity necessitates adoption of a common school system — both at the primary and secondary stages.
It will be a system —
(a) Which will be open to all children without any discrimination.
(b) Where admission will be based on talent,.
(c) which will maintain adequate facilities and reasonably good standards,
(d) Where no tuition fee will be charged and.
(e) Which will meet the needs and aspirations of the middle and lower classes.
(vii) National System of Education:
Nationalization of education system is an important step to equalize educational opportunities. There should be only one agency in the country to spread and control education. Uniform educational facilities can only be provided in a national system of education.
(viii) Minimizing Regional Imbalances:
The regional imbalances in respect of educational opportunities should be abolished ultimately and minimized at present. The disparity in respect of educational facilities in urban and rural schools should be minimized.
(ix) Adequate Attention to Education of Girls:
It is necessary to give adequate attention to the education of girls at all stages. It is needless to point out the importance of girls’ education for purpose of ensuring national development, social justice and healthy family life.
(x) Education of the Handicapped:
Special provision should be made for the education of handicapped children. It should not be a question for mercy for them. Handicapped children have the right to education like any other normal children.