Right to Education Act-2009 – Right of children to free and compulsory education

RTE Act 2009 – The Right to Education Act 2009

RTE Act 2009 ( Right to Education ) provides right of children to free and compulsory education till completion of elementary education in a neighbourhood school.

RTE Act 2009 ( Right to Education ) clarifies that ‘compulsory education’ means obligation of the appropriate government to provide free elementary education and ensure compulsory admission, attendance and completion of elementary education to every child in the six to fourteen age group.

Right to Education makes provisions for a non-admitted child to be admitted to an age appropriate class.

It specifies the duties and responsibilities of appropriate Governments, local authority and parents in providing free and compulsory education, and sharing of financial and other responsibilities between the Central and State Governments.

It lays down the norms and standards relating inter alia to Pupil Teacher Ratios (PTRs), buildings and infrastructure, school-working days, teacher-working hours.

Right to Education provides for rational deployment of teachers by ensuring that the specified pupil teacher ratio is maintained for each school, rather than just as an average for the State or District or Block, thus ensuring that there is no urban-rural imbalance in teacher postings.

RTE Act 2009 ( Right to Education ) provides for appointment of appropriately trained teachers, i.e. teachers with the requisite entry and academic qualifications.

RTE Act 2009 prohibits the following.

(a) Physical punishment and mental harassment.

(b) Screening procedures for admission of children.

(c) Capitation fee.

(d) Private tuition by teachers and.

(e) Running a schools without recognition.

RTE Act 2009 ( Right to Education ) provides for development of curriculum in consonance with the values enshrined in the Constitution, and which would ensure the all-round development of the child, building on the child’s knowledge, potentiality and talent and making the child free of fear, trauma and anxiety through a system of child friendly and child centered learning.

The major objectives/role of the  Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) are 

  1. To raise the minimum level of education to class X and universalise access to secondary education.
  2. To ensure good-quality secondary education with focus on Science, Mathematics and English and .
  3. To reduce the gender, social and regional gaps in enrolments, dropouts and improving retention.

The interventions supported under  Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) included .

Upgrading of upper primary schools to secondary schools .

  1. Strengthening of existing secondary schools.
  2. providing additional classrooms, science laboratories, libraries, computer rooms, art, craft and culture rooms, toilet blocks and water facilities in schools .
  3. Providing in-service training of teachers and
  4. Providing for major repairs of school buildings and residential quarters for teachers.

Share on: Share YogiRaj B.Ed Study Notes on twitter Share YogiRaj B.Ed Study Notes on facebook Share YogiRaj B.Ed Study Notes on WhatsApp

Suggested Posts

National Policy on Education-1986 – States
National Policy on Education-1986 – States
The National Policy on Education (1986) States

Wherever possible, mildly and moderately handicapped children should be educated along with non-handicapped children in general schools.
Severely handicapped children who have completed prerequisite learning in special schools should be encouraged to come back to general schools.

Read full article
National Policy on Education-1986 (POA)- Modifications in Details
National Policy on Education-1986 (POA)- Modifications in Details

Modifications in the original NPE (1986) were suggested by Janardhan Reddy Committee. These were in respect of – Part-III -National System of Education. Part-IV-Education for Equality . Part-V-Reorganization of Education at different stages. Part-VI-Technical & Management Education. Part-VIII-Reorienting the Content and Process of Education. Part-X-The Management of Education. Part-XI-Resource & Review

Read full article
Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan
Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan

Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA) is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS), launched in 2013 aims at providing strategic funding to eligible state higher educational institutions.
The central funding (in the ratio of 65:35 for general category States and 90:10 for special category states) would be norm based and outcome dependent.

Read full article
Swami Vivekananda – A social reformer, educator and a great thinker for aims of education
Swami Vivekananda

Swami Vivekananda was not only a social reformer, but also the educator, a great Vedanta’s, patriot prophet of India, born at Calcutta in 1863, who sought to modernize the nation of its social and cultural harmony. His contribution to the awakening of modern India is critique in its kind and quality.

Read full article