Formal education

B.Ed Notes English Medium

Formal education

This is a traditional form of education. This type of education is imparted in a school or college. It is consciously and deliberately planned to bring about specific and special influence in the students. So, it is synonymous with educational institutions. School is thus a formal agency of education.


(i) Planned with a particular end in view..
(ii) Limited to a specific period..
(iii) Well-defined and systematic curriculum.
(iv) Given by specially qualified teachers..
(v) Includes activities outside the classroom.
(vi) Observes strict discipline..

(i) Planned with a particular end in view

Formal education is planned with a particular end in view. It is given in school, college and similar other institutions which are established with the purpose. In this way it is direct schooling, instruction and tuition.

(ii) Limited to a specific period

Formal education is limited to a specific period or stage. It is provided according to certain set rule and regulations. It is in the form of systematic, planned and guided instruction.

(iii) Well-defined and systematic curriculum

Formal education has a well-defined and systematic curriculum. This curriculum is based on certain aims and objectives. These aims are in conformity with the needs of the society and the state

(iv) Given by specially qualified teachers

Formal education given by specially qualified teachers they are supposed to be efficient in the art of instruction.

(v) Includes activities outside the class-room

In modern progressive schools, the process of education is not merely restricted the four walls of the class-room. There are more activities outside the class-room than inside it.

(vi) Observes strict discipline

Formal education observes strict discipline. The pupil and the teacher are both aware of the fact an engage themselves in the process of education.

It may, however, be mentioned that any process of teaching which involves supervision, instruction, set plan, definite aims and principles amounts to formal education.

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