What are NGO’s and Roles of NGO ( Non-Governmental Organizations )
What are NGOs :-
NGOs are Non-Governmental Organizations which aid humanity and work for social welfare and upliftment. Non-governmental organizations, or NGOs, were first called such in Article 71 in the Charter of the newly formed United Nations in year 1945. While NGOs have no fixed or formal definition, they are generally defined as nonprofit entities independent of governmental influence (although they may receive government funding). The NGOs role is to provide strong support in the field of social service. They also keep informal checks on the functioning of government and society and raise voice against any form of social injustice.
NGOs unite people and provide selfless, voluntary and non-discriminatory service to the society. They depend on financial aid from philanthropists, corporate bodies and benefactors to their projects and very often struggle to survive.
What are NGO Roles
1) NGOs basic responsibility in the field of education is to ensure literacy to the non-literates.
2) To spread public awareness programs about education through the mass media.
3) To provide functional assistance, food, books, stationary, uniforms, mid-day meals and other needs during natural calamities.
4) To incur expenses on educational scholarships.
5) Look into community education programmes such as –
a. Adult education
b. Women’s education
c. Health education
d. Vocational education
e. Population control education
f. Environmental education
g. Language development
h. Non-formal education
i. Family welfare etc.
6) Bring educational concerns of the citizens to the government
7) Take care of human rights, environment and health.
8) Analysis and expertise in monitoring international regulations.
9) NGOs work at Macro, Mezzo or Micro level.