National symbols of India | Indian National Symbols


National Symbols of India

India has many national symbols which represent the nature and culture of Indian National Identity. They infuse a sense of pride and patriotism in hearts of every Indian citizen. Here is the list of National Symbols of Incredible India and we are proud of them.

Importance of National Symbols of India

There are total 17 national symbols of India. National Symbols is significant because –

  • It represents the rich cultural fiber which resides at the core of the country.
  • It Infuse a sense of pride in the hearts of people of India.
  • It represent a quality which is unique to India and its citizens.
  • It helps to popularize the object chosen.
  • National symbol helps to preserve the chosen object for generations to come.
List of National symbols of India
National Flag of India Tiranga is the national flag of India
National Anthem of India Jana Gana Mana is the national Anthem of India
National Calendar of India Saka calendar is the national calendar of India
National Song of India Vande Mataram is the national song of India
National Emblem of India National Emblem of India (State Emblem of India)
National Fruit of India Mango is the national fruit of India
National River of India Ganga is the national river of India
National Animal of India Royal Bengal Tiger is the national animal of India
National Bird of India Indian Peacock is the national bird of India
National Tree of India Indian Banyan is the national tree of India
National Aquatic Animal of India Ganges River Dolphin is the national aquatic animal of India
National Currency of India Indian Rupee is the national currency of India
National Reptile of India King Cobra is the national reptile of India
National Heritage Animal of India Indian Elephant is the national heritage animal of India
National Flower of India Lotus is the national flower of India
National Vegetable of India Pumpkin is the national vegetable of India
Oath of allegiance National pledge
National symbols of India in details.

National Identity Elements of India are intrinsic to the Indian identity, culture and Indian heritage. They infuse a sense of pride and patriotism in the heart of every citizen of India.

National Flag

The national flag of India is Tiranga. It is designed by Pingali Venkayya, National Flag consists of 3 colors in equal proportions i.e India saffron (also known as Kesaria) at the top, white in the middle and India green at the bottom. Constituent Assembly of India has adopted Tiranga as a National Flag of India on 22nd July 1947.

The National Flag is horizontal in dimension and ratio of width to length of the flag is two to three. It have a navy-blue wheel in the center which represents the chakra. The wheel design is similar to the wheel which appears on the abacus of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka. It has 24 spokes and with diameter approximates to the width of the white band. Design of the National Flag was adopted by Constituent Assembly of India on 22 July 1947.

The saffron color of national flag, indicates the courage and strength of our country. The middle white color indicates truth and peace with Dharma Chakra. Bottom green color represents the growth, fertility and auspiciousness of the land.

National Anthem of India

Jana-gana-mana is the National Anthem of India and it is originally composed in Bengali by Rabindranath Tagore. Hindi version of Jana-gana-mana was adopted as the National Anthem of India by the Constituent Assembly of India on 24 January 1950. Jana-gana-mana was first sung at the Kolkata Session of the Indian National Congress on 27 December 1911.

The complete National Anthem consists of five stanzas. The first stanza of Jana-gana-mana contains the full version of the National Anthem.

For full version of the national anthem, the playing time is approximately 52 seconds. Whereas for shorter version of Jana-gana-mana which consisting of the first and last lines of the stanza the playing time is approximately 20 seconds.

National Song of India

Vande Mataram is the national song of India. It is composed in Sanskrit by Bankimchandra Chatterji, and was a source of inspiration to the people in their struggle for freedom. Vande Mataram and Jana-gana-mana have equal status.

The first President of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad came up with a statement in the Constituent Assembly of India on January 24, 1950 that, “the song Vande Mataram shall be honoured equally with Jana Gana Mana and shall have equal status with it as it has played a historic part in the struggle for Indian freedom”

The first political occasion when Vande Mataram sung was the 1896 session of the Indian National Congress. Vande Mataram song was a part of a most famous novel Anand Math (1882) written by Bankimchandra.

State Emblem of India

National emblem of India is an adaptation from Lion Capital of Ashoka at Sarnath. Satyameva Jayate is the motto of national Emblem.

It has four Asiatic lions which are standing back to back on an abacus, mounted with a frieze carrying sculptures in high relief of an elephant, a bull, a galloping horse, and a lion separated by intervening wheels. The National Emblem symbolizes power, courage, confidence and at the bottom is a horse and a bull with beautiful wheel Dharma chakra at centre.

The motto Satyameva Jayate ( Truth Alone Triumphs ), is the part of the State Emblem of India, it is written in Devanagari script below the profile of the Lion Capital.

National Bird of India

The Indian peacock is the National Bird of India. Indian peacock is a colourful, swan-sized bird and have a long slender neck and a fan-shaped crest of feathers with a white patch under the eye. The male peacock with a glistening blue breast and neck and a spectacular bronze-green tail of around 200 elongated feathers is more colourful than the female. The female is smaller than male peacock having no tail and with brownish color.

India Peacock was declared as the national bird of India by Indian Government on February 1, 1963.

National Animal of India

The Panthera Tigris i.e the Royal Bengal Tiger is the National animal of India. The Royal Bengal Tiger is a beautiful striped animal with dark stripes over a thick yellow coat of fur. The grace, agility, strength and power of Royal Bengal Tiger has helped to earn its place of pride as the national animal of India.

National Flower of India

Lotus is the National Flower of India. It is a holly flower and occupies a unique and specific position in the art and mythology of ancient India. Lotus is an auspicious symbol of Indian culture.

National Calendar of India

Calendar Committee of India has introduced Saka Calendar in 1957 and was adopted Saka Calendar as national calendar of India. Officially usage of Saka Calendar was started at 1 Chaitra 1879 Saka Era, or 22 March 1957.

Chaitra is the first month in Saka calendar which is based on Saka Era. Dates of Saka calendar have a permanent correspondence with dates of the Gregorian calendar.

National Currency of India

The Indian rupee with ISO code INR is the official currency of India. Reserve Bank of India have the responsibility to control the Indian currency. The Indian rupee symbol which is derived from the Devanagari consonant “र” (ra) and the Latin letter “R” was adopted as official symbol in 2010. According to Udaya Kumar who designed the symbol, the design of INR is based on the Indian tricolour.

National Aquatic Animal of India

Dolphin or the Ganges river dolphin is the National aquatic animal of India. Dolphin is also the city animal of the Guwahati. It is mainly found in the Ganges, Chambal river, Brahmaputra river, Yamuna and their tributaries.

National Fruit of India

Mango (Mangifera indica) is the National fruit of India , it is also known as King of all fruits. It has very sweet fragrance and delectable flavors. As a national fruit of India Mango represents abundance, richness and prosperity of our country.

National Tree of India

The Banyan tree is adopted as the national tree of India. The Banayan tree is a symbol of the ‘Kalpa Vriksha’ or the ‘Tree of Wish Fulfilment’ as it is having important medicinal properties and associated with longevity.. The very big size and long life span of the banyan tree makes it a habitat for a large number of creatures.

National River of India

The Holly Ganges or the Ganga is the national river of India. It origin of holly Ganga is originating from the snowfields of the Gangotri Glacier in the Himalayas as the Bhagirathi River. According to the Hindus belief, The holly Ganga is the most sacred river on the earth.

Holly Ganga is the longest river of India which covers around 2,510 km of plains, valleys and mountains. Varanasi, Allahabad and Haridwar are some of the major cities which are on the bank of holly Ganga.

National Reptile of India

Snake eater (Ophiophagus hannah) or King Cobra is the National Reptile of India. King Cobra is found in the forests of India and also in Southeast Asia. King Cobra is known as the longest venomous snake of the world. King Cobra may live up to 25 years and is capable of growing up to 19 ft.

In Hinduism King cobra is considered as divine and known as Nagas and Lord Shiva is often depicted with a cobra coiled around his neck

National Heritage Animal of India

Indian Elephant is adopted as National Heritage animal of India. The Indian elephant has been threatened by fragmentation , habitat loss and degradation and listed as endangered animal.

Oath of Allegiance

The oath of allegiance to the Republic of India is known National Pledge of India. It is very commonly recited in public events, schools during celebration of Independence Day and Republic Day. The pledge was originally composed in 1962 by writer Pydimarri Venkata Subba Rao in Telugu language.

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Some important study notes