Indian Flag | National flag | National flag of India | National Symbols of India


Indian Flag

Tiranga is the National flag of India

National Flag of India symbolises national pride of our country and is one of the most respected national symbols of the country. Indian National flag, Tiranga represents the hopes and aspirations of citizens of India. Our first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru called it a symbol of freedom.

As per Flag code of India, National flag shall be made hand spun and hand woven wool, cotton or silk khadi bunting. The National flag shall be rectangular in shape and shall be in the ratio of 3:2 ( ratio of length to height ).

Colours of Indian flag and their significance –

Saffron: Symbol of sacrifice and courage.
White: White colour of National flag represents peace, honesty, and purity.
Green: Green colour of National flag represents faith and chivalry, and is a symbol of prosperity, vibrancy, and life.
Indian National Flag - Tiranga

Indian National Flag – Tiranga

Ashok Chakra of Indian flag

Ashok Chakra of Indian flag is taken from the “wheel of the law” which is in the Sarnath Lion Capital made by the 3rd-century BC Mauryan Emperor Ashoka. Dharma Chakra in national flag of India show that there is a life in movement and death in stagnation.

Flag Code

Indian citizens are allowed to hoist the Indian flag over their homes, offices and factories on any day after amendment in Indian flag code on 26th January 2002 . Earlier Indian citizens can only host national flag over their homes, offices and factories on National days. After this amendment Indians can proudly display the Indian national flag anywhere and anytime, but provisions of the Flag Code to be followed strictly to avoid any disrespect to the tricolour.
Flag Code of India, 2002, has been divided into three parts to make it more convenience
  • Part I of the Flag Code contains the rules related to general description regarding National Flag of India.
  • Part II of the Flag Code contains the rules related to displaying National Flag by general public, private organizations and educational institutions, etc.
  • Part III of the Code regulates how the National Flag is to be displayed by Central and State governments their organisations and their agencies.

Manufacturing of the Indian National Flag

The ‘Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS)’ sets standards for the manufacture of Indian national flag. It specifies the cloth, dye, colour, and thread count and also lay out rules regarding its hoisting. The Indian national flag can only be made of ‘Khadi’.

Standard sizes of National flag

National flag should have a dimension in 2:3 ratio, i.e. length of national flag should be 1.5 times of the breadth of it.

History of  Tricolor the National Flag of India

The Indian National Flag represents Indian struggle for freedom. National Flag was designed by Pingali Venkayya. National flag of any country is a symbol of freedom of that country. Present form of National Flag of India was adopted in a few days before India’s independence on the 22 July 1947 during a meeting of Constituent Assembly.

From 15 August 1947 to 26 January 1950 tricolor served as the national flag of the Dominion of India and after 26 January 1950 as a national flag of the Republic of India. The term “tricolour” refers to the national flag of India.

National flag of India has three colors, with deep saffron color at the top, white in the middle and dark green color at the bottom in equal proportion in horizontal dimension.

Flag code for the Indian National Flag

Indian national flag is a national symbol and is respected by every citizen of India. There are certain dos and don’ts which are laid down for common people regarding national flag as below:
  • The saffron colour band should be at the top whenever the National Flag is raised.
  • No flag or emblem should be placed either to its right or above the National Flag.
  • if other flags are hung in a line with National flag then they are to be placed to the left of the National Flag.
  • When the India national flag is carried out in a procession or in a parade, it shall be in front of the line of center, and if there is a line of other flags then it must be on the right.
  • National Flag should be generally flown on important government buildings like the Rashtrapati Bhawan, the Parliament House, the Supreme Court of India, the High Courts, the Secretariats, the Commissioners’ office etc.
  • Indian National Flag or any imitation of it must not be used for any purpose of trade, business, or any profession.
  • The National Flag should always be taken down at the dask.

Some Interesting Facts about National Flag

  • On 29 May 1953 the Indian flag was hoisted on Mount Everest the highest mountain peak of the world.
  • Indian flag was hoisted first time on foreign soil by Madam Bhikaji Rustom Cama on 22 August 1907 in Stuttgrat, Germany.
  • The Indian National Flag flew first time into space in 1984 as a medallion on the space suit of Wing Commander Rakesh Sharma the first Indian who travel to space.
  • One of the largest National Flag is hoisted in Central Park at Connaught Place, New Delhi. It is 60 feet in width and 90 feet in length and hoisted on a flagpole of height 207 feet.
  • 50,000 volunteers in Chennai made a world record for largest human flag in December 2014.

Indian Flag FAQs

Who designed the national flag of India? Pingali Venkayya designed Indian National flag in the 1931.
How many colors are there in national flag of India? There are 3 colors in national flag of India.
These are 1. Saffron, 2. White, 3. Green
What does the three colours of Indian national flag represent ? Indian national flag is commonly known as Tiranga ( meaning tri-colour) as it is having three colours in it. These are Saffron, White, and Green.

Saffron: Symbol of sacrifice and courage.
White: White colour of National flag represents peace, honesty, and purity.
Green: Green colour of National flag represents faith and chivalry, and a symbol of prosperity, vibrancy, and life.
What are the dimensions of national flag of India ? National flag should have a dimension in 2:3 ratio, i.e. length of national flag should be 1.5 times of the breadth of it.
What does the Ashoka Chakra represent in the Indian national flag? Ashoka Chakra in the National flag of India represents the Dharma and Law.
Why is Ashoka Chakra navy blue in colour? Ashoka Chakra represents the colour of sky and ocean so it is kept navy blue in colour.
How many spokes are there in Ashok Chakra of Indian National flag ? There are 24 spokes in Ashok Chakra of the Indian National Flag.
What Ashoka Chakra in the national  flag represents ? Ashoka Chakra in the National flag represents the Dharma and Law.
When the national flag of India was adopted? National flag of India was adopted on 22 July 1947.
When and where was it first hoisted? The national flag in India was first hoisted in the Parsee Bagan Square (Green Park) in Calcutta now Kolkata on August 7, 1906.
Who approves the design and manufacturing of the Indian national flag? Design and manufacturing process of Indian national flag is regulated by the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS).
Download National flag of India HD image
Indian National Flag - Tiranga

Indian National Flag – Tiranga

Download: National Flag of India

Conclusion

The flag of India represents the people of India, their culture, and their territory. The three colors of the Indian flag represent peace, fertility, and prosperity, respectively. The saffron color in the Indian flag also refers to the Hindu god Surya, the sun god. The white color middle band indicates peace and truth with Dharma Chakra in the middle. The green color of the Indian flag represents nature and agriculture. The Indian flag is a potent symbol of unity, strength, and peace. It is flown not only on government buildings and military bases, but also on houses, schools, and businesses to indicate that they belong to the nation.

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