Merits and demerits of democracy – Yogiraj study notes
Meaning of Democracy
In Democracy people directly exercise power, elect a representative from among themselves to represent the people, such as a parliament. In Democracy people choose their representatives. Representatives participate in an election and the voters elect their member. Democracy is a form of government in which:
All major decisions are taken by rulers elected by the people
People have a choice to change the current rulers by electing a new ruler
All the people have equal opportunity and rights
Merits and demerits of a Democracy
Merits of democracy:
- A democratic government is a better government because it is a more accountable form of government.
A democratic government is a more responsible form of government, and a stronger form of government.
- Democracy improves the quality of decision making
The standard of making decisions is improved by democracy.
- Democracy provides a method to deal with differences and conflicts between peoples
- Democracy allows people to correct their own mistakes by elections
- In a democracy, people rule themselves as leaders are elected by them
The integrity of people is strengthened by democracy.
All peoples have the same rights.
Demerits of democracy:
- Morality is not having any scope in democracy as democracy is all about political competition and power play.
- Consultation in a democracy from many people leads to delays in decision making and policy implementations.
- Democracy leads to corruption.
- Changing in leadership in democracy leads to instability in goverment
- Elected leaders do not know the best interest of the people, resulting in bad decisions
- Democracy leads to corruption since it is based on electoral competition
- Preamble of Indian constitution
- Right to assemble as per constitution of India
- Characteristics of constitution of India
- The State Legislature
- Local Government – Panchayats
- Judiciary – The High Court
- Judiciary – The Supreme Court
- Centre – State Relations
- Indian Federalism, Federal and Non – Federal Features
- Electoral System