Merits and demerits of democracy – Yogiraj study notes

Meaning of Democracy

In Democracy people directly exercise power, elect a representative from among themselves to represent the people, such as a parliament. In Democracy people choose their representatives. Representatives participate in an election and the voters elect their member. Democracy is a form of government in which:
All major decisions are taken by rulers elected by the people
People have a choice to change the current rulers by electing a new ruler
All the people have equal opportunity and rights

Merits and demerits of a Democracy

Merits of democracy:

  • A democratic government is a better government because it is a more accountable form of government.
  • A democratic government is a more responsible form of government, and a stronger form of government.
  • Democracy improves the quality of decision making
  • The standard of making decisions is improved by democracy.
  • Democracy provides a method to deal with differences and conflicts between peoples
  • Democracy allows people to correct their own mistakes by elections
  • In a democracy, people rule themselves as leaders are elected by them
  • The integrity of people is strengthened by democracy.
  • All peoples have the same rights.

Demerits of democracy:

  • Morality is not having any scope in democracy as democracy is all about political competition and power play.
  • Consultation in a democracy from many people leads to delays in decision making and policy implementations.
  • Democracy leads to corruption.
  • Changing in leadership in democracy leads to instability in goverment
  • Elected leaders do not know the best interest of the people, resulting in bad decisions
  • Democracy leads to corruption since it is based on electoral competition

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