Role of English Language in Indian Society


Role of English Language.

English like other languages, has 3 major roles to play –

Functional Role of English Language–

The chief function of the English language is communication. Therefore the functional role means the communicative role of the language.

The English language is like any other language is intimately tied to man’s activities and feelings. It is bound with the feeling of self. It is used for work, worship, and play by everyone, be he a beggar, banker, young, old, civilized or uncivilized.

It is useful for expressing one’s thoughts and dreams, aspirations and disappointments, agreements and disagreements and feelings.

It is used for social interactions i.e. to cooperate, assimilate, conflict, compete, adjust oneself, attitudes and values in one’s personality.

English is a flexible vehicle of thought. It gives power to reason and to judge with critical balance and equity. It is an international and intra-continental link language. All these factors makes English an effective language for communication.

Cultural Role of English Language–

The cultural role of English language might have different connotations – of these, the integrative role of the language is considered.

English has played a significant role in India’s struggle for political emancipation. The political thoughts of Western thinkers had stimulated the Indian leaders and made them aware of their political rights.

English has been vital in bringing about the unity of the country and helping the growth of nationalism in India. Thus English has played a major role in the attainment of independence.

A sense of oneness of the world is in progress. All living nations must move with the times and respond to the challenges of the surrounding. They should become a part and parcel of the world culture. For this, English serves as a unifying link. It can serve as the language of international counsel.

Literary Role of English Language–

Literature of language refers to the writings that achieved distinction through the beauty of their expression or thought or both.

English is a beautiful language. Its literature is wide and varied as life. It is rich in every kind of literature. One who know English can appreciate its beauty, thought and form. Thus it caters to the aesthetic needs of the people. It helps to cultivate a more intense appreciation of the beautiful and to experience pure joy. It fulfills aesthetic yearning of the people.

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